#3 Laughters

各位和聲人,

本週想和大家研究一下『笑』。你們對上一次開懷大笑是什麼時候?在什麼地方?發生什麼事情呢?你今日笑咗未?

我家女兒正在牙牙學語,每次見到爸媽開心笑,她都會跟著一起笑,比我們笑得更開心。生活中很多看似平凡不過的小事,都能令她捧腹大笑,好些時候我們都摸不着頭腦,究竟她在笑甚麼。但令我注意到的是年紀輕輕的女兒已經懂得分辨「真心笑」和「扮開心」。正好看到網上有一段TED 演講,標題為『Why we laugh』(講者為神經心理學家Sophie Scott),我就按入去了解一下。

在學術上,原來「笑」真是可分為「擺出來的」(posed)和「真心的」(real)。而且我們擁有與生俱來的能力去分辨兩者。真心的笑聲更加會傳染的!而年紀越小,對笑聲的感受力就越高。看了這個演講,我終於知道女兒的笑所為何事。

此外,在生理及心理學上,常常笑對身體有很多好處。「笑」除了牽涉面部表情外,還能訓練我們的胸肺肌肉,因為我們笑的時候,胸肺肌肉會以非常高的頻率收縮,才能排氣,製造出笑聲。笑聲除了能帶來歡樂,亦能舒緩不安,減輕痛楚及緩和緊張氣氛。一對伴侶,如能一起以笑聲相處,他們通常都能長相廝守。統計學上,我們與別人一起的時候,笑的機會率會增加三成。笑聲亦是維繫群體的催化劑。所以,請好好珍惜與家人朋友相聚的好時光,記住身邊為你帶來歡笑的人和事。

新學期開始了,歡迎同學們逢星期二下午五至六時,回到書院的輔導長辦公室,與我們談談天、說說笑。

BB仔聽 『人人常歡笑,不要眼淚掉』

#後生仔唱 『人大了,難得放肆地笑』

Dear students,

I would like to share about “laughter” this week. Do you remember the occasion that makes you laugh? Did you smile today?

My toddler loves to laugh at the most ordinary things she discovered. When she saw me laughing, she will join me with an even more joyful smile. Amazingly, while she is still learning to speak, she is able to distinguish a posed laughter with a real one. While I was wondering what makes her laugh and how she recognizes real laughter, I came across a TED talk “Why we laugh” by Dr. Sophie Scott which I am going to share with you today.

The ability to differentiate posed and real laughter is inborn. Real laughter can spread and make others laugh! Children are more ready to laugh while adults are less transmittable to real laughter.

Laughing can do us a lot of good. It trains our intercostal muscles as these muscles need to contract to squeeze the air out of the lung to make the laughing sound. Besides, laughter can also relieve stress and calm a tense situation. If a couple faces a difficult time with laughter, they are more likely to maintain a good relationship. We are 30% percent more likely to laugh when we are with other people and laughter is a catalyst to maintain bonding within a group. So, please cherish the good times with your family and friends, and remember the people and things that make you laugh.

The term has started and we have resumed the DoS hour (every Tuesday at 17:00 - 18:00 in DoS office). Come and spread your laughter or share ours!


Cheers,

Ellis Fok Ph.D.

Assistant Professor, School of Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine

Associate Dean of Student, Lee Woo Sing College

The Chinese University of Hong Kong